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Mountain Meadows Massacre
What is the Mountain Meadows Massacre?
The Mountain Meadows Massacre was a tragic incident that culminated on Friday, September 11, 1857 in Mountain Meadows, Utah, several miles south of Enterprise in Washington County along the Old Spanish Trail. What began near Harrison as a wagon train bound for California ended in the brutal killings of as many as 120 of the Arkansas emigrants as they passed through Utah.

The history of the Mountain Meadows Massacre is documented in many books, newspapers, journals, some T.V. programs, and on the Internet. The 2007 motion picture September Dawn starring Jon Voight is based on the true story of the massacre.

At present, the Boone County Heritage Museum has well over 100 bound and indexed books and references, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings and other items that describe this historical event in great detail. This comprises the most extensive physical collection of Mountain Meadows Massacre material found anywhere in the United States, and is a must-see for anyone doing research or interested in this event.

The majority of this collection was made possible by a special donation from Jack Fancher, Susan Fancher, Burr Fancher and Scott Fancher of the Mountain Meadows Monument Foundation, Inc., who have done extensive research and from whom much of the material was received.

The Heritage Museum invites you to come in and learn more by reviewing the vast in-house collection of material we have on Mountain Meadows.
Mountain Meadows Massacre Resources Online
Some online information about the massacre from locally-based resources:
  • Mountain Meadows Monument Foundation, Inc.
         Local area organization of massacre descendants.
  • Boone County Mountain Meadows Massacre Memorial
         Located on the northeast corner of the courthouse square in Harrison, Arkansas.
  • Mt. Meadows Massacre story at Heritage Museum
         By Marilyn Breece from the Harrison Daily Times, May 27, 2005.
  • Events on massacre's 150th anniversary
         From the Harrison Daily Times, Sunday, April 8, 2007.
  • Mountain Meadows victims remembered by ancestors
         By James L. White of the Harrison Daily Times, Monday, April 23, 2007.
  • Marker placed at Fancher grave site
         From the Harrison Daily Times, Tuesday, September 11, 2007.
  • Mormons regret massacre
         From the Associated Press, Wednesday, September 12, 2007.
  • Woman set to rewrite local history
         By David Holsted of the Harrison Daily Times, Thursday, September 27, 2007.
  • Group seeks historical recognition
         By David Holsted of the Harrison Daily Times, Thursday, September 27, 2007.
  • Fancher honored for reconciliation
         By David Holsted of the Harrison Daily Times, Tuesday, October 23, 2007.
  • Museum receives Fancher history
         By David Holsted of the Harrison Daily Times, Sunday, February 24, 2008.
  • References on Mountain Meadows Massacre
    MMMF research materials on file in the Boone County Heritage Museum:
    Books, Documents, News Articles, Videos:

    1. Ahmanson, John. Secret History. Chapter 12. Translation of Vor Tids Muhamed by Gleason L. Archer. Moody Press, Chicago.

    2. Backus, Anna Jean. Mountain Meadows Witness: The Life and Times of Bishop Philip Klingensmith. The Arthur H. Clark Company, Spokane, Washington. 1995. (DONATED TO COLLECTION BY ANNA JEAN BACKUS)

        2a. Backus, Anna Jean. Through Bonds of Love. Sequel to Mountain Meadows Witness. AJB Distributing, P.O. Box 970351, Orem, UT 84097-0351. 1998. (DONATED TO COLLECTION BY ANNA JEAN BACKUS)

        2b. Backus, Anna Jean. Through Bonds of Love. Special Edition. AJB Distributing, P.O. Box 970351, Orem, UT 84097-0351. 1998. (DONATED TO COLLECTION BY ANNA JEAN BACKUS)

    3. Brooks, Juanita. John Doyle Lee: Zealot-Pioneer Builder-Scapegoat. Western Frontiersmen Series IX. Glendale: Arthur H. Clark Co. Spokane, Washington. 1961.

    4. Bolinger, Bonnie May Fancher. Taped History of Mountain Meadows Massacre. Fancher Family Archives. Taped in 1960's, reproduced in 1995.

    5. Brooks, Juanita. The Mountain Meadows Massacre. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. 1970.

    6. Shirts, Morris. Account of Mountain Meadows Massacre.

        6a. Bullock, Thomas. The Pioneer Camp of the Saints: The 1846 and 1847 Mormon Trail Journals. Edited by Will Bagley. Arthur H. Clark Company. Spokane, Washington. 1997.

    7. Carleton, Major J.K. Special Report on Mountain Meadows Massacre. R & K Bookstore, St. George, Utah. 1995.

    8. Clampitt, John W. (Counselor of Law). Echoes of the Rocky Mountains, Chapter XXV. A. A. Lindsay Publishing Company, Kansas City, Missouri. 1880.

    9. Cradlebaugh, Hon. John M. "Utah and the Mormons." Speech on the Admission of Utah as a State, delivered in the House of Representatives. Feb. 7, 1863.

    10. Dunn, J.P., Jr. Massacres of the Mountains: A History of the Indian Wars of the Far West, 1815-1875. Capricorn Books, New York, N.Y. 1969 Edition. Copyright, 1886, by Harper & Brothers.

    11. Bancroft, Hubert Howe. Bancroft's History of Utah 1540-1886. Chapter XX: The Mountain Meadows Massacre. Pages 543-571. Bookcraft, Inc. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1964.

    12. Hickrnan, William (Bill). Brigham's Destroying Angel, Confession of BilI Hickman. Shepard Publishing Co., Salt Lake City, Utah. 1904.

    13. Fancher, J.K. "Photocopies of Tear Sheets of Articles 1-17" in Harrison Daily Times, 407 Skyline Terrace, Harrison, AR. March 16, 1989 through September 6, 1991.

    14. Fancher, William Hoyt. The Fancher Family. Cabinet Press, Milford, 1947.

    15. Gardner, Anne Marie. "Forgiveness Highlights Meadows Dedication." The Salt Lake Tribune. Sunday, September 16, 1990.

    16. Gibbs, Josiah F. The Mountain Meadows Massacre. Salt Lake Tribune Publishing Co. 1910.

    17. Stenhouse, T. B. H. Rocky Mountain Saints. Utah Lighthouse Ministry. Reprint of 1873 Edition.

    18. Bagley, Will. An indexed collection of 184 pages of news articles related to the Mountain Meadows Massacre. October 1857-present.

    19. Bagley, Will. Survivors Accounts of Mountain Meadows Massacre.

    20. Lair, Jim. An Outlander's View of the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Walsworth Publishing Co. Marceline, Missouri. 1986. (ALREADY PART OF EXISTING MATERIALS AT BOONE COUNTY HERITAGE MUSEUM - FOUNDATTION DID NOT WISH TO DUPLICATE EXISTING MATERIALS)

    21. Lee, John Doyle. The Life and Confessions of John D. Lee, the Mormon. Barclay and Company, Philadelphia. 1872.

    22. Logan, Roger V. Jr. "New Light on the Mountain Meadows Caravan." Utah Historical Quarterly, Volume 60/Number 3. Summer 1992.

    23. Huntington, Dimick B. Journal of 1857. Taken from microfilm copy of original in LDS Historians Library SLC by Verne R. Lee. April 1989.

    24. Mountain Meadows Memorial Committee. "Mountain Meadows Memorial Dedication Ceremonies." Southern Utah State College, Cedar City, Utah. September l5, 1990.

    25. Parker, B. J. Recollections of the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Fred W. Reed, American Printer, Plano, California. 1901.

        25a. Parker, B. J. Life and Adventures of B. J. Parker. Fred W. Reed, American Printer, Plano, California. 1901.

    26. Bigler, David L. The Forgotten Kingdom: The Mormon Theocracy in the American West, 1847-1896. Arthur H. Clark Company. Spokane, Washington. 1998.

    27. Loving, Ron. "Depositions from Relatives of Massacre Victims." Edited from microfilm of Territorial Papers of the United States Senate 1789-1873, Roll 15, Utah December 31, 849 - June 11, 1870.

    28. Secrest, William B. "The Man Who Escaped." True West Magazine. November 1996.

    29. Stone,Irving. Men to Match My Mountains. Doubleday & Company, Inc. 1956.
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